Purposes of school music include promoting individual musical independence and enabling students to enjoy music, alone and with others, throughout life. Whether the reference is a general music class (music appreciation, etc.) or a performance-based class (band, choir, etc.), these are generally agreed upon purposes in the current education climate (Kindall-Smith, 2010; CDE, 2001; CNAEA, 1994). This distinguishes music activities from musical experiences. Activities may provide motivation or contribute toward positive habits, and they are the recognized outcomes of the time spent in the music class – singing a Japanese folk song that correlates to a social studies unit; band students marching in a hometown parade; orchestra playing at high school graduation. The music experiences, however, are strictly based on the actions of performing, creating, moving to, or listening to music with objectives, strategies, and evaluations (Kindall-Smith, 2010).
California Department of Education. Content Standards: Visual and performing arts, music. Retrieved from http://www.cde.ca.gov/be/st/ss/mumain.asp April 11, 2011.
Consortium of National Arts Education Associations [CNAEA]. (1994). What every young American should know and be able to do in the arts. Reston, VA: Music Educators National Conference.
Kindall-Smith, M. (2010). Is there musical meaning in the musical? Music Educators Journal, 96 (3), pp. 35-38.