In the years following World War I, records indicate increased arts-based activities as part of the national recreation service profession. In 1929 alone, over 23,000 requests for promotional literature on drama, music, and general recreation were solicited of the Playground and Recreation Association of America. A year later, the association name change reflected a broader purpose, becoming the National Recreation Association. Special services developed through this NRA existed to promote participation in music, arts and crafts, nature, gardening, and other activities. The services expanded to include more performing arts. During this same period, New Hampshire governor, John Winant, fostered the movement of recreation activities into rural areas, promoting music festivals, native singing in costume, and hymn festivals with combined church congregations. In conjunction with the 1932 Olympic Games, the first Recreation Congress explicitly included demonstrations in music, massed bands, community symphony orchestras, civic choruses, Negro Spirituals, and group singing (Hartsoe, 2006).
Hartsoe, C. (2006). Building better communities. Champaign, IL: Sagamore Publishing, LLC.