“…concert A is 440.”

“Music educators cannot sit by unconcernedly, during these times of enormous and rapid change, content to know that the scale still numbers 12 half steps and concert A is 440” (Kaplan, 1966, p. v).

This quote seems as timely today as it did in ’66.


Kaplan, M. (1966). Foundations and frontiers of music education. New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.


About mundyviar

Basil Mundy Viar, III, is a newly relocated music teacher in the Palm Springs Unified School District of California, USA. For the past 18 years, he served the students and families within the Mt. Diablo Unified School District. In this role, he discovered the need for a reevaluation of the roles, purposes, and directions of scholastic music in a changing community and in a changing economy. The direction of his doctoral work was largely influenced by this experience. He researches the attitudes, levels of satisfaction, and lifelong learning effects of music training both inside and outside of the traditional school experience, with an eye on the roles that community based organizations may play in this. Prior to his assignment as a public school music teacher, Dr. Viar served as a Program Director for the Blue Devils, an internationally revered youth organization dedicated to performance excellence, also based in Concord, California, USA. During his time with the Blue Devils, the "B" Corps was reinvigorated and performed with renewed excitement, proficiency, and levels of success. Under Dr. Viar's guidance, BDB performed in the 1997 Drum Corps International World Championships in Orlando, Florida, and the 1998 World Marching Band Festival in Kanagawa Prefecture Japan. Basil Mundy Viar, III, is a graduate of the Transformative Inquiry Department at the California Institute of Integral Studies (PhD) in San Francisco, California, USA. He earned a Master of Arts degree in Education from the University of California, Berkeley; Single Subject Teaching Credential from the Bay Area College of Chapman University in Orange, California; and a Bachelor of Science degree from the School of Community and Public Affairs at Virginia Commonwealth University of Richmond, Virginia, USA.
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One Response to “…concert A is 440.”

  1. blogsfsm says:

    I’m saving this quote! It reminds me of another of my favorites: Schenker in Harmonielehrer on a tirade about the sorry state of music education quotes Goethe. I can’t remember the exact quote but it is something like, “there is nothing worse than a teacher whose knowledge does not extend beyond the materials that they are teaching”.

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