“…concert A is 440.”

“Music educators cannot sit by unconcernedly, during these times of enormous and rapid change, content to know that the scale still numbers 12 half steps and concert A is 440” (Kaplan, 1966, p. v).

This quote seems as timely today as it did in ’66.


Kaplan, M. (1966). Foundations and frontiers of music education. New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.


About mundyviar

Mundy Viar, PhD, is an educator, administrator, researcher, and musician. A credentialed educator and education administrator in California, Dr. Viar has practiced in several school districts throughout the Golden State, leading instrumental and vocal music programs in the K-12 systems. Prior to working in the K-12 system, Dr. Viar served as a Program Director for the Blue Devils, an internationally celebrated youth organization dedicated to performance excellence, based in Concord, California. During his time with the Blue Devils, the "B" Corps performed as a Div. II Finalist at the 1997 Drum Corps International World Championships in Florida, and as the US representative at the 1998 World Marching Band Festival in Kanagawa Prefecture Japan. Additionally, Dr. Viar is an adjunct facilitator for the University of the West Indies Open Campus, where is has served as doctoral Research Supervisor, thesis defense committee member, and course tutor. Dr. Viar is a graduate of the California Institute of Integral Studies in San Francisco (PhD); the University of California, Berkeley (MA); and, Virginia Commonwealth University (BS). Key attributes: communication, collaboration, shared and distributed leadership, ABCD, PAR
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1 Response to “…concert A is 440.”

  1. blogsfsm says:

    I’m saving this quote! It reminds me of another of my favorites: Schenker in Harmonielehrer on a tirade about the sorry state of music education quotes Goethe. I can’t remember the exact quote but it is something like, “there is nothing worse than a teacher whose knowledge does not extend beyond the materials that they are teaching”.

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